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THE PHARMA REVIEW (JULY AUGUST 2019)

Shodhana Process: An Ancient Ayurvedic Purification Method for Herbal Drugs

Umang Gajjar# & Vimal Kumar

Introduction: Ayurveda is basic science of life in which various principles are discovered to maintain the health of human beings or to cure the various disorders. Any herbal drug if treated or used properly is a potential medicine and if it used without any mentioned ayurvedic procedure it causes a toxic effect1. By using this principles many toxic herbal drugs are converted in to pharmacologically important drug by doing some sanskara (process) like shodhana, marana etc. on it. The process in which substance are treated as per ayurvedic texts by rubbing, steaming etc so as to eliminate its harmful effects is known as shodhana sanskara (Purification process)2. Some herbal plants have harmful effects like Vyavayi, Vikasi, Agneyam, Vatakaphanashana, Yogavahi & Madavaha due to which it act as Pranahara (causing death)3 When shodhana sanskara on these toxic plants are carried out, they are attributed with useful properties like Rasayana, Yogawahi, Tridoshaghna, Brihana, Veeryavardhaka and Prandayi (providing life)4. Thus Shodhana sanskara reduces harmful properties of toxic herbal drug and keeps it to minimum level. Hence it is necessary to do shodhana sanskara on toxic plants before using it5.
In Rasashatra & Bhaishajyakalpana while preparing ayurvedic medicines Shodhana and Marana has much importance. Both the processes are highly necessary for converting the metals, sub-metals & minerals into the suitable form for accomplishing their therapeutic values6. Without subjecting to the shodhana and marana processes, the mineral drugs could not be used internally7. And if it used without shodhana and marana processes, they are likely to produce various harmful or toxic effects in the body8. Hence in Rasashastra & Bhaishajyakalpana, shodhana process plays very important role while preparing ayurvedic medicine.

 

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